P2P platforms, the need for remittances to circumvent restrictions from banks, and putting savings into crypto as a means of avoiding inflation could have contributed to the growing market in Africa.
Digital analytics firm Chainalysis reported that the cryptocurrency market in Africa has grown significantly since last year in addition to the region having a larger share of overall retail transaction volume compared to the global average.
In a report released on Sept. 14, Chainalysis said Africa’s crypto market has increased in value by more than 1,200% between July 2020 and June 2021, with high adoption in Kenya, South Africa, Nigeria, and Tanzania. The company said the popularity of P2P platforms could have been one of the driving factors towards greater adoption of crypto in the region, given some countries have restricted or banned residents from sending money to exchanges through local banks.
According to Chainalysis, the entire continent received $105.6 billion worth of crypto between July 2020 and June 2021, but had a larger share of the entire market’s overall transaction volume made up of “retail-sized transfers” than any other region in the world — roughly 7% as opposed to the 5.5% global average. In addition, P2P platforms including Paxful and LocalBitcoins account account for 1.2% of all crypto transactions in Africa.
“In many of these frontier markets, people can’t send money from their bank accounts to a centralized exchange, so they rely on P2P,” said Paxful co-founder and COO Artur Schaback. “Crypto products are getting more user friendly, so they can onboard more people into the crypto economy and help them see that crypto is faster, cheaper, and more convenient.”
Other drivers for crypto adoption in the region may include remittances as a means to get around governments limiting the amount of funds that can be sent abroad. Many crypto users in Africa may also be using crypto as a faster and cheaper way to pay for international commercial transactions, and HODL their savings to avoid any possible fluctuations in the value of their fiat currency.
Nigeria is planning to pilot its central bank digital currency, the eNaira, starting on Oct. 1. South Africa is also part of a joint initiative with Australia, Singapore, and Malaysia to launch a fiat-pegged digital currency, but has not yet released a possible start date to trial the CBDC.
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Author: Turner Wright